10 Uses of Pet Test Strips



There are many uses for pet test strips. They can be used to monitor your pets' blood sugar levels, detect urinary tract infections, and more.

Pet test strips are available in different sizes and shapes, so there's something for every type of animal. These strips are easy to use and inexpensive, making them an ideal tool for monitoring your pet's health.


Detect Urinary Tract Infections.

If you're concerned about your dog's health, then you should check its urine regularly. Urine tests are quick and easy to perform, and they can help you identify any potential health issues before they become serious.


Check for Kidney Problems.

One of the easiest ways to check your dog's urine is with a dipstick. This simple device will tell you whether there are any signs of kidney problems. It's also an inexpensive way to keep track of your dog's health.

Urine test strips are one of the main screening tools used by vets when it comes to renal or urinary tract diseases. Now you can use the same diagnostic test strips from the comfort of your home.


TEST PRINCIPLE

Glucose: This test is based on a double sequential enzyme reaction. One enzyme, glucose oxidase, catalyzes the formation of gluconic acid and hydrogen peroxide from the oxidation of glucose. A second enzyme, peroxidase, catalyzes the reaction of hydrogen peroxide with potassium iodide chromogen to oxidize the chromogen to colors ranging from blue-green to greenish-brown through brown and dark brown.

Bilirubin: This test is based on the coupling of bilirubin with a diazotized dichloroaniline in a strongly acid medium. The colors range from light tan to reddish-brown.

Ketone: This test is based on the reaction of acetoacetic acid with sodium nitroprusside in a strongly basic medium. The colors range from beige or buff-pink color for a “Negative” reading to pink and pink-purple for a “Positive” reading.

Specific Gravity: This test is based on the apparent pKa change of certain pretreated polyelectrolytes in relation to the ionic concentration. In the presence of an indicator, the colors range from dark blue or blue-green in urine of low ionic concentration to green and yellow-green in the urine with higher ionic concentration.

Blood: This test is based on the pseudo peroxidase action of hemoglobin and erythrocytes which catalyzes the reaction of 3,3’, 5, 5’-tetramethyl-benzidine and buffered organic peroxide. The resulting colors range from orange to yellow-green and dark green. Very high blood concentration may cause the color development to continue to dark blue.

pH: This test is based on the well-known double pH indicator method, where bromothymol blue and methyl red give distinguishable colors over the pH range of 5-9. The colors range from red-orange to yellow and yellow-green to blue-green.

Protein: This test is based on the protein error-of-indicator principle. At a constant pH, the development of any green color is due to the presence of protein. Colors range from yellow for a “Negative” reaction to yellow-green and green to blue-green for a “Positive” reaction.

Urobilinogen: This test is based on a modified Ehrlich reaction in which p-diethylamino benzaldehyde reacts with urobilinogen in a strongly acid medium. Colors range from light pink to bright magenta.

Nitrite: This test depends on the conversion of nitrate to nitrite by the action of Gram-negative bacteria in the urine. The nitrite reacts with p-arsanilic acid to form a diazonium compound in an acid medium. The diazonium compound in turn couples with 1,2,3,4-tetrahydrobenzo(h) quinoline to produce a pink color.

Leukocytes: This test is based on the action of esterase present in leukocytes, which catalyzes the hydrolysis of an indoxyl ester derivative. The indoxyl ester liberated reacts with a diazonium salt to produce a beige-pink to purple color.


Conclusion

It is important that our family pets visit the doctor for tests such as a urinalysis because certain signs of issues in the urinary tract or any other illness or disease can indicate that our pet needs proper diet and care.

Resources

  • https://pezz.life/uk/dogs/urine-test

  • https://www.drugs.com/vet

  • https://dog-urinalysis-your-dog-needs-this